Access to Services and Livelihood of Poor Women – Module 1

Team Member: Niken Kusumawardhani, Dinar Dwi Prasetyo, Hastuti , Dyan Widyaningsih, Veto Tyas Indrio, Hafiz Arfyanto, M. Fajar Rakhmadi, Valentina Y. D. Utari, Michelle Andrina, Joseph Natanael Marshan
Completion Year:
Sumatera Utara, Jawa Tengah, Kalimantan Barat, Sulawesi Selatan, Nusa Tenggara Timur
Gender, Social Protection

Collaborating Partners

Funding body :

Maju Perempuan Indonesia untuk Penanggulangan Kemiskinan (MAMPU)


Description & Progress

The study of access to services and livelihood of poor women is a longitudinal study of poor women and their households that aims to capture changes in access and livelihoods. Access to services and livelihoods is focused on MAMPU’s five thematic areas: social protection, employment, migrant work, maternal and reproductive health, and violence against women. 



The objective of the MAMPU Program is to improve access and services in Indonesia by influencing government policies, regulations, and services to improve access for poor women. Improved access and livelihood is a long-term outcome which needs to be monitored and evaluated to ensure the effectiveness of the MAMPU Program. 

This is a longitudinal study that consists of three rounds of core study and two rounds of module study. The data collection uses quantitative surveys and qualitative methods. The qualitative component utilizes focus group discussions (FGDs), interviews, and observation. The study is conducted in five districts: Deli Serdang, Cilacap, Kubu Raya, Pangkajene dan Kepulauan, and Timor Tengah Selatan. 

After completing the baseline study in 2014-2015, the study embarked on the first round of module study. The module study aims to assess the impact of changes in the fuel subsidy policy on the livelihoods of poor women and their access to various social protection programs. Data collection used quantitative surveys and qualitative methods, with more emphasis on assessing the changes that occur in the livelihoods of the poor during times of fuel price volatility. By the end of 2015, the data collection has been completed, the field notes has been completed and survey data has been cleaned.


The research findings of the study have been presented in various occasions, including:

  • Presented research findings entitled “The Dynamics of Poor Women's Livelihoods: a Case Study When the Fuel Price Hikes” by Niken Kusumawardhani at the Forum Kajian Pembangunan (Indonesia Development Study Forum) on 5 October 2016 in Jakarta.
  • Presented research findings entitled “The Dynamics of Poor Women's Livelihoods: a Case Study When the Fuel Price Hikes” by Niken Kusumawardhani at the Regional Conference of DGB BW Partners Sharing Knowledge of Project “Women and Informalisation of Work” on 30 November 2016 on Surabaya.