Description & Progress
Beyond the health sector, Covid-19 has a heavy socio-economic impact in Indonesia. The economic and social impact of Covid-19 will therefore be heavy, multi sectoral and its effectives will be seen over an extended period of time, hitting the poor and vulnerable the hardest. The scope of the damage is difficult to fully anticipate at this point and while the Government is making efforts to cushion the impact, households – particulary the poor and the most vulnerable – will be severly affected by the epidemic. Women who are heading single-person households and their children will be especially impacted. Monitoring and assessment of socio-economic impact on households is an important and requisite first step to gather data and generate evidence that will help to create to counter the impact.
This study will conduct a socioeconomic impact assessment of Covid-19 pandemics on households in hardest hit areas, including potential secondary and tertiary impact – with particular focus on vulnerable groups such as children, women, self-employed, daily workers and people living with disabilities – covering areas of livelihoods, employment, access to social services and strengthening their resilience to economic shocks. The assessment will be followed with recommendatioins on policy and programmatic measures and actions for implementation to mitigate the impact of the crisis on the most vulnerable and prevent them from sliding back to poverty.
The specific assessment objective will serve the following purposes:
- To monitor the socioeconomic status of households and assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on their livelihoods, food security and well-being
- To provide analysis and policy recommendations to the government on the depth of the socioeconomic impact of Covid-19 on various household groups as well as strategic planning for recovery that focuses on mitigating the secondary impacts of Covid-19, including on how to expand social protection
This study will employ both quantitative method through survey and qualitative method through in-depth interviews. In the quantitative survey, SMERU will play a role in preparation and analysis stages, but not in data collection stage. The preparation stage includes giving an input of sampling framework and developing instruments. The analysis from the quantitative survey will measure the impact of COVID-19 on households’ income generation, employment status, food security, access to basic services, well-being of women and children, people with disabilities, mental health, and social protection measures. The qualitative method will complement the quantitative data analysis as well as to acquire comprehensive understanding on social phenomenon within the households (particularly woman) and towards children and people with disabilities. Several main questions for qualitative approach are as follows:
- How do children and households with members who have disabilities access the same quality of basic services (sanitation, routine health services, and education) as before the COVID-19 pandemic?
- How are woman and children dealing with their daily lives after the government-imposed restriction on mobility during COVID-19 pandemic (parenting, e-learning, increased multiple function of woman)? In particular, adolescent girls in low income households are at higher risk to child-marriage and child labor to cope with the economic downturn
- How does family dynamic interaction and kinship change in term off socialeconomic support for those who whit the most by COVID-19? (i.e. households with members who have tested positive for COVID-19 or households with bread winners who have lost the source of income)