INOVASI: Diagnostic Study on Sub-national Education in Indonesia

Team Member: Syaikhu Usman, Akhmadi , Hastuti , Valentina Y. D. Utari, Rachma Indah Nurbani, Ruhmaniyati , Asep Kurniawan, Heni Kurniasih
Completion Year:
Nusa Tenggara Barat

Collaborating Partners

Technical partner :

INOVASI-The Palladium Group


Funding body :

This study is funded by Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT)


Description & Progress

In general, this study aims to gather evidence on local education system related to what works and in what circumstances to improve student learning outcomes.



The Government of Indonesia, represented by the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture (Kemdikbud) and the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) agreed to initiate Innovation for Indonesia’s School Children (INOVASI) program. INOVASI is a four‐year program intended to develop and implement action‐oriented research and pilots to answer the broad question: What works to improve student learning outcomes in Indonesia?

In the early stages of the program, INOVASI—assisted by The SMERU Research Institute—conducted the survey diagnosis (District Diagnostic Survey) on the education system in the area. The purpose of this survei was to (i) understand the social and political economy context in which the education ecosystem operate, (ii) identify the stakeholders and their interest and influence in the education ecosystem, and (iii) identify policy reforms and innovations in the education and other sectors that affect student learning outcomes, and create a historical account of the origins of major policy innovations, especially related to literacy and numeracy problems at the primary level.

The study finds that the main problems of learning process are mostly related to management and the quality of teachers (permanent teachers), namely poor quality teacher, inequality in teacher distribution, teacher shortage, inadequacy in teacher recruitment system, teacher training deficiency, low motivation, weak supervision, and strong local political interests. Learning innovations have been made in all districts in a great number and with various types; however, they are not generally intended to improve the management and quality of teachers in order to improve the learning system


Research Area

This study is conducted in six kabupaten (districts) in West Nusa Tenggara (NTB) Province as initial local partners of INOVASI program, namely: Lombok Tengah, Lombok Utara, Sumbawa Barat, Sumbawa, Dompu, dan Bima.


Methodology and Data

This study adopts a qualitative approach. The data will be collected through a combination of document reviews, interviews, and focus group discussions (FGDs) with individuals and groups selected from pre‐determined list and snowballing process. This combined methods are intended to better capture the complexity of learning ecosystem and socio‐political‐economy forces that shape policies affecting quality of learning at district, education unit (school), and community levels. In addition, the snowballing process is introduced because the local institutional context—formal and informal—varies such that it cannot be fully identified prior to the field study.



The research findings of the study have been presented in various occasions, including:

  • Presented research findings entitled "Synthesis Report: Diagnostic Study of Basic Education Learning in INOVASI's Six Partner Districts in West Nusa Tenggara Province" at Education Assessment Center (Puspendik) of Ministry of Education and Culture (Kemdikbud) on 14 September 2016 in Jakarta. 
  • Presented research findings entitled: "Studi Diagnostik Pembelajaran Pendidikan Dasar di Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat" at Lokakarya Pencapaian MDGs di NTB dan Tantangan Menuju SDGs on 7 March 2017 in Mataram.