Description & Progress
This study aims (i) to obtain information about the use of the 2010 Map of Poverty and Livelihoods and (ii) to provide data estimation of poverty and livelihood as well as qualitative information about villages’ profile in Indonesia derived from SMERU’s field report study.
The 2010 Poverty and Livelihood Map of Indonesia details the poverty estimates and livelihood conditions of the 33 provinces. The map presents the 2010 poverty estimates of the general population, using the national poverty lines and the international $2 PPP.
The free and publicly accessible tool is invaluable for poverty reduction and social assistance programs, particularly for geographical targeting at the subdistrict or village level. It can also be used to determine the type of assistance needed in particular areas, or as a baseline for program evaluation.
SMERU realizes the dynamic nature of poverty, including the reality that many people move in and out of poverty over time. Therefore, real-time and continuous updating of household welfare information is critical to the monitoring of the latest developments in the economy as well as the devising of the most appropriate and timely policy responses.
In this effort, SMERU would like to allocate resources to continuously update and make improvements to the Poverty Map including:
- Updating the current basic map showing the creation of new administrative regions—available in Statistics Indonesia
- Incorporating other relevant data on various factors that affect the welfare of communities. This overlaying of poverty statistics with other socioeconomic information will facilitate an improved poverty analysis
- Conducting a user evaluation survey to obtain data on how the map have been used and collect suggestions on how the map can be improved
The map was developed using statistical data from Statistics Indonesia. The poverty estimates presented in this map are calculated using the small area poverty estimation method. The 2015 poverty map updates the 2010 version which we developed based on the 2010 Population Census data.
Methodology and Data
The data collection and analysis will be using a mixed methodology that combines qualitative and quantitative approaches. The quantitative data—such as the 2010 Population Census, 2010 and 2015 National Socioeconomic Survey (Susenas), and 2014 Village Census (Podes)—will be complemented with secondary datasets and narrative data from SMERU’s field report study.