SMERU Indonesia

SMERU n Monitoring the Social Crisis in Indonesia n No. 06 / June-July 1999

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Pusat Pengembangan Sumberdaya WANITA
The Human Resources Development Center for Women

n Diskusi dengan Ketua Yayasan PPSW: Nani Zulminarni, dan staf program: Anik Dwi Martuti n
n Discussions with Ms. Nani Zulminarni: PPSW Chairperson, and Anik Dwi Martuti: Program Officer n

 

In this special "Gender" edition, SMERU would like to introduce The Human Resources Development Center for Women (PPSW), one of many self-help organizations working with women and grassroots communities to overcome economic, health and education problems. Pada edisi khusus 'jender' kali ini, SMERU tertarik menampilkan satu LSM di antara banyak organisasi yang bekerja untuk kelompok perempuan dan masyarakat basis dalam mengatasi persoalan ekonomi, kesehatan dan pendidikan, yaitu Yayasan Pusat Pengembangan Swadaya Masyarakat atau Yayasan PPSW.

PPSW was established as an executive body of the Annisa Foundation of Indonesia in 1986 by a group of people associated with the Agribusiness Development Center (PPA), a consultant institution in Jakarta. The Annisa Foundation was established for three reasons; firstly, PPA had always found it difficult to involve women in its programs; secondly, the donor agency was prepared to involve women in a program it was willing to finance, and thirdly, the women’s movement was a prominent feature of that period.

PPSW attempted to find ways to empower women from the less privileged sections of society through activities in the informal sector. PPSW’s real activity started with the formation of saving and loan groups and Income Generating Activities by providing counterparts for small businesses such as warungs, food vendors, petty traders, farming and livestock ventures.

Subsequently PPSW became an independent foundation in 1988. Its long term vision is to strengthen women and to transform their social status and their role in society through increased access and control of resources to create a more egalitarian society.

PPSW has chosen to concentrate on economic problems and the improvement of health and education as its entry points into organizing the community, especially women’s groups.

With a staff of 21 women and 3 men, PPSW is operating in more than 50 villages in Metropolitan Jakarta, West Java, Riau, and West Kalimantan.

The prolonged economic crisis has had an adverse effect on those groups supported by PPSW. As of August 1998, 60% of the members of some of the women’s groups had suffered a 20 - 50% decline in their businesses and 70% of saving and loan groups have experienced defaulting on loans. As a result, some members are short of food, their health has been affected and some of their children have had to quit school. Groups from the Jakarta and West Java areas together with PPSW have conducted a basic social analysis in an attempt to solve these problems.

In general this enquiry reached similar conclusions in every village: to overcome shortages of food and medicine the community should (i) use fallow and vacant land to produce foodstuffs and grow medicinal herbs, (ii) prepare traditional medicines, (iii) arrange the sale of cheap emergency essential foodstuffs, and (iv) require public health clinics to accept Health Cards and to function as Infant Health Centres. To overcome education problems, the Study Group assistance package (A,B and junior high school) needs to be put into operation.

To overcome the crisis-related problems faced by the groups they are supporting, PPSW has conducted a number of emergency programs. These have included the provision of cheap essential foodstuffs to about 2,400 households within Jabotabek, efforts to overcome education problems for 629 school children (primary, junior, and high) in four of the areas they are supporting (Jabotabek, Karawang, Sukabumi and Pandeglang), and funding for health treatment and medicine for those in the community who cannot afford to pay. The cheap essential foodstuffs is conducted in collaboration with YASSPUK (a women’s small-scale business foundation) and with financial assistance from TDH (Terre Des Hommes), a donor agency from the Netherlands. Its education efforts have received financial assistance from TDH, YASALIRA, and ROESMA.

In conclusion, based on their experience, PPSW staffs believe that women are much more effective in delivering emergency assistance programs, especially since they have the primary responsibility for domestic matters such as food and education. As such women are especially sensitive to the requirements of families.

Although PPSW is a new contact, SMERU’s strong impression is that its efforts have been carried out without noisy publicity, all for the benefit of the grassroots community through its women’s groups. n HS

PPSW dibentuk sebagai badan pelaksana Yayasan Annisa Indonesia pada tahun 1986 oleh sekelompok individu yang sebagian merupakan pendiri Pusat Pengembangan Agribisnis (PPA) sebuah lembaga konsultan di Jakarta. Setidaknya ada tiga alasan Yayasan Annisa didirikan, yaitu pertama, PPA merasa mendapatkan kesulitan untuk melibatkan perempuan dalam menjalankan kegiatannya, kedua adanya komitmen lembaga donor untuk melibatkan perempuan pada setiap kegiatan yang didanainya, dan ketiga tahun tersebut berada dalam dekade perempuan.

Ketiga alasan tersebut memotivasi PPSW untuk memberdayakan perempuan yang kurang beruntung melalui kegiatan sektor informal. Kegiatan nyata yang dilakukan PPSW pada saat itu adalah membentuk kelompok simpan pinjam dan ‘Income Generating Activity’ (IGA) melalui pendampingan usaha kecil seperti warung, pembuatan makanan, pedagang kakilima, usaha pertanian, dan peternakan.

Sejak tahun 1998, PPSW menjadi lembaga yang mandiri lepas dari induknya Yayasan Annisa dengan namaYayasan Pengembangan Sumberdaya Wanita atau Yayasan PPSW. Visi PPSW adalah pemberdayaan perempuan dan transformasi sosial bagi status dan peran perempuan dalam masyarakat melalui peningkatan akses dan kontrol perempuan terhadap sumberdaya dan yang tersedia dalam dirinya, guna menciptakan tatanan masyarakat yang lebih egaliter.

PPSW memilih berkonsentrasi pada masalah ekonomi, kesehatan, dan pendidikan sebagai pintu masuk dalam pengorganisasian masyarakat khususnya kelompok-kelompok perempuan.

Dengan 21 staf perempuan dan 3 staf laki-laki, PPSW bekerja di lebih 50 desa di DKI-Jakarta, Jawa Barat, Riau dan Kalimantan Barat.

Akibat krisis yang berkepanjangan di Indonesia, kelompok binaan PPSW juga terkena imbasnya. Pada bulan Agustus 1998, 60% dari anggota kelompok usahanya menurun berkisar 20 -50%, dan 70% kelompok simpan pinjam menunggak hutang. Sebagai akibat lebih lanjut, mereka kekurangan pangan, kesehatan memburuk, dan anak-anak tidak dapat bersekolah. Untuk mengatasi hal ini kelompok binaan PPSW bersama PPSW di wilayah DKI dan Jawa barat mengadakan analisa sosial sederhana.

Secara umum analisa sosial sederhana di tiap-tiap desa memberikan hasil hampir sama: untuk mengatasi kekurangan pangan dan kesehatan, masyarakat harus (i) memanfaatkan lahan kosong untuk ditanami tanaman pangan dan tanaman obat-obatan tradisisional, (ii) membuat obat-obatan tradisional, (iii) mengadakan penjualan ‘sembako’ murah, (iv) meminta puskesmas untuk menerima Kartu Sehat dan mengaktifkan fungsi Posyandu. Untuk mengatasi masalah pendidikan, Kelompok belajar (kejar paket A, B dan SMP) perlu segera dilaksanakan.

Dalam rangka mengatasi dampak krisis yang menerpa kelompok binaannya, PPSW melakukan berbagai program darurat antara lain pengadaan sembako murah bekerjasama dengan YASSPUK (Yayasan Pendamping Perempuan Usaha Kecil) dan dukungan dana dari TDH (Terre Des Hommes) lembaga donor dari Belanda membantu sekitar 2,400 keluarga di Jabotabek, penanggulangan pendidikan dengan dukungan dana dari TDH, YASALIRA (Yayasan Lingkungan Sejahtera), dan ROESMA sehingga dapat membantu setidaknya sekitar 629 siswa (SD, SMP, dan SMU) di empat wilayah binaan yaitu Jabotabek, Kerawang, Sukabumi, dan Pandeglang, serta membiayai ongkos berobat dan obat bagi masyarakat yang tidak dapat membayar.

Berdasarkan pengalaman mereka, staf PPSW percaya bahwa program penanggulangan krisis jauh lebih efektif jika disampaikan melalui perempuan, karena perempuan memang dikonstruksikan sebagai penanggung jawab dalam keluarga, sehingga mereka jauh lebih peka dan bertanggung jawab terhadap kebutuhan keluarga.

Walau baru mengenal PPSW, kesan mendalam diperoleh SMERU atas jerih payah PPSW yang dilakukan tanpa publikasi yang hingar bingar, dan kesemuanya diperuntukkan bagi masyarakat basis melalui kelompok perempuan. n HS


For further details about PPSW, please contact Ms. Nani Zulminarni and Ms. Ani through the following address: Billy Moon HI, No. 10 Pondok Kelapa, Jakarta 13450. Phone: 021-8642134/8657945; Fax: 021-8642134, E-mail: ppsw@indo.net.id Untuk mengetahui lebih banyak tentang Yayasan Pusat Pengembangan Sumber Daya Wanita dan kegiatannya, silakan hubungi Nani Zulminarni dan Anik Dwi Martuti dengan alamat Billy Moon H1, No. 10 Pondok Kelapa, Jakarta 13450. Telepon: 021-8642134/8657945, faks: 8642134, E-mail: ppsw@indo.net.id

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