Description & Progress
The study aims to answer the critical questions given difficulty of learning in the past one year, yet a new year school year is rapidly approaching. The research question of the study is what kind of follow-up policies has been implemented in response to Ministry of Education and Culture’s pandemic learning guideline. The study has two sub-questions for the research questions concerning the implementation of previous school year and upcoming school year. The first sub-question being what necessary adjustment to the MoE’s learning guideline has been made in the past one year? While second sub-question focuses on the districts’ preparedness for the upcoming school year with what follow-up policies and measures has been planned by local government to prepare themselves for the 2021/2022 school year?
In the early days of the pandemic, studies have shown that local government have limited knowledge and capacity to implement the Belajar dari Rumah policy (Alifia et al., 2020). Some schools decided to translate the policy as a school holiday hence haltering learning activity momentarily. Findings from the early period of Belajar dari Rumah implementation captured variations in how each district enacted a follow-up policy in response to Ministry of Education and Culture learning guidelines to suit their education system capacity. Therefore, there might potentially be variations in degree of students’ exclusion from learning opportunities throughout the school year and learning loss gap amongst students. These variations need to be responded through different approaches to ensure that the following school years can accommodate the learning loss experienced by students (Arsendy et al., 2020).
With the revised SKB 4 Menteri, the national government is allowing a more nuanced implementation for the 2021/2022 school year. Depending on the districts’ decision, there might be a uniform reopening of school across district or a more progressive reopening. As the learning gap varied, it becomes imperative for the policy makers at both national and regional level to understand the variation of adjustment being made by local government to support an equitable learning opportunity for all students in the preceding school years.
The study will aim to explore the process of translation of national policy into local policies to support 2020/2021 school year and prepare themselves for the upcoming schooling year.
Data collection will be done using qualitative approach through in-depth interview with identified relevant actors. All in-depth interviews will be conducted through phone interviews. During the pandemic, SMERU has successfully implemented both offline and online data collection in various isolated districts with respondents encompassing districts officials to individual household members. Each interview will be guided with individualized interview questions which caters a unit of information.