External Verification and Monitoring of PMI’s Agricultural Labor Practices (ALP) Program Impact in Indonesia

Team Member: Ruhmaniyati , Maudita Dwi Anbarani, Rendy Adriyan Diningrat
Completion Year:
Kabupaten Wonogiri
Children, Adolescence & Youth, Health, Labor & Migration, Urban & Rural Development

Collaborating Partners

Project Donor/FunderPhilip Morris Indonesia


Description & Progress


Phillip Morris International (PMI) has introduced Agricultural Labor Practice (ALP) Programme since 2011 to eliminate child labour and to achieve a safe and fair working environment in all farms that are the source of its tobacco supply.

Since the inception of the ALP program, significant progress has been made, but PMI still faces many complex and systemic issues across the countries where they are sourcing tobacco, including Indonesia. In order to address this issue and improving farmer’s compliance with ALP, PMI is taking further action by achieving a condition for a “Step Change.” This means that PMI and its suppliers will focus on the most recurring and serious issues starting at selected markets and develop bolder plans thad address their root causes.

As part of its effort to achieve several main indicators of ALP, PMI needs an external monitoring system to get an objective picture of the stage of step-change they are currently at. The SMERU Research Institute is taking the role of the external agency to verify the achievement of PMI in reaching its compliance with the ALP programme.



In general, the objectives of the study are to evaluate the ALP awareness and compliance at the farm level, to evaluate the efficacy of the STP initiatives, and to provide recommendations on the improvement of ALP compliance and STP initiatives.



The study will adopt mixed-method research, using both quantitative and qualitative data collection and analysis. The quantitative method will analyse both primary data collected from contract farmers and workers as well as secondary data using the National Labour Force Survey (Sakernas). To have a profound understanding of the STP initiatives’ implementation, the qualitative approach will explore factors affecting awareness and compliance of farmers and workers which also cover the assessment of program efficacy.

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