Description & Progress
The focus of this monitoring study was tracking and monitoring the implementation of PKKPM as previously done in the 2014-2015 monitoring study, and to identify and analyse supporting and hindering factors that could affect the effectiveness of the PKKPM at the village, sub district and district level, including efforts to coordinate with local government and other relevant stakeholders (i.e. business community, training institution).
The government is undertaking a sustainable livelihoods approach to countering poverty through the Program Peningkatan Kesejahteraan Keluarga Melalui Pemberdayaan Masyarakat (Program for Increasing Family Welfare through Community Empowerment – PKKPM).
PKKPM focuses on the empowerment of poor communities in terms of of social capital, and human resources, as well as economic and infrastructural support. It aims to provide the targeted communities with sources of sustainable livelihoods. A trial of the PKKPM Program carried out in Central Java (2014) was sucessful and in 2015 the government extended the trial area to include 5 provinces (Bengkulu, Jambi, Jateng, Jatim, and NTB) which spanned across 14 kabupaten, 26 kecamatan, and 62 villages. The SMERU Research Institute monitored the implementation of the trial PKKPM in these five provinces in order to collect semi real-time information on how to improve the implementation of the program.
The study adopts a qualitative approach by assigning five field monitors to observe the activities in the sample villages (in 14 kabupaten, 23 kecamatan and 25 villages) between 26 January and 7 July 2016. The monitoring was carried out through observations, interviews and FDGs.
The study uncovered that the initial stages of PKKPM implementation went smoothly (from March- May 2015), including central-regional socialization, training of facilitators, and the formation of collectives. However, there were complications during the following stages as operational funds for the program were not disbursed until November 2015. As a result, many of the implementation procedures were carried out in a short period of time and only fulfilled the administrative requirements. The implications of this can be seen in that PPKM’s values as an empowerment program were not internalized among participants; effective partnerships between program implementers, regional goverments and other stakeholders were not formed; and that PKKPM groups failed to carry out their role as a vehicle for empowerment. Furthermore, in March 2016 the Central Government suddenly terminated PKKPM without any exit strategy. Ultimately, the success of PKKPM in the field was dependent on the “good intentions” of the regional government and group management.
The research findings of the study have been presented in various occasions, including:
- Presented research findings entitled: "Hasil Pemantauan Program Peningkatan Kesejahteraan Keluarga melalui Pemberdayaan Masyarakat (PKKPM) 2015" to Bappenas on 13 June 2016.
- Presented research findings entitled: "Hasil Pemantauan Program Peningkatan Kesejahteraan Keluarga melalui Pemberdayaan Masyar akat (PKKPM) 2015" to KOMPAK on 10 October 2016.
- Presented research findings entitled: "Hasil Pemantauan Program Peningkatan Kesejahteraan Keluarga melalui Pemberdayaan Masyarakat (PKKPM) 2015" at Lokakarya Pencapaian MDGs di NTB dan Tantangan Menuju SDGs on 7 March 2017 in Mataram.