Opinion Leader Assessments on Infant and Young Children Feeding in Indonesia

Team Member: Nurmala Selly Saputri, Intani Nur Kusuma, Ulfah Alifia , Vita Febriany
Completion Year:
Banten, DKI Jakarta, Jawa Barat
Children, Adolescence & Youth, Food & Nutrition

Collaborating Partners

Funding body:
This research project was funded by the Alive & Thrive (A&T) Initiative, supported by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.


Description & Progress


The purpose of the study was to identify barriers to political and public support for infant and young child feeding (IYCF) and to propose possible solutions to overcome these barriers.


Methodology and Data

This was a qualitative study using in-depth interviews, focus group discussions, and the opinions of relevant policy makers from key government and nongovernment agencies. The study incorporated a national level analysis which was complemented with case studies from Kota Bekasi and Kabupaten Pandeglang. The case studies intended to provide a picture of the IYCF situation at the district level in both urban and rural areas.


Research Highlight

This study finds that, according to most respondents, the knowledge and commitment of mothers, families, and health workers to implement the proper IYCF practices is still limited. This problem is exacerbated by the limited availability of lactation rooms in workplaces, insufficient IYCF dissemination by health workers, and a lack of interest on the part of local governments to prioritizeIYCF improvement in their region. Furthermore, violations of regulations still occur, such as the promotion of formula milk product by health workers or formula milk companies (in seminars or workshops), because the monitoring and evaluations conducted by the government are not sufficient.



The team presented the study findings to relevant partners, including

  1. Panel presentation titled “Rintangan untuk Keberhasilan Peningkatan Cakupan ASI Eksklusif di Indonesia: Penelitian Opini Pemimpin” at Seminar Nasional Peningkatan Kesejahteraan Masyarakat Miskin: Berbagi Hasil Penelitian Jurusan Ekonomi Pembangunan, UNS dan The SMERU Research Institute in Surakarta, by Rika Kumala Dewi.
  2. Presentation titled “Barriers to Optimal Exclusive Breastfeeding Practices in Indonesia: What Leaders Say” by Rika Kumala Dewi at the Regional IYCF Advocacy Workshop in April 2016 at Bangkok,Thailand.
  3. Presentation titled “Barriers to Optimal Exclusive Breastfeeding Practices in Indonesia: What Leaders Say” by Ulfah Alifia at Forum Kajian Pembangunan on 19 October 2016 in Jakarta.
  4. Presentation titled "Understanding Government Support for Exclusive Breastfeeding in Indonesia:3-I's Framework" by Ulfah Alifia at the 49th Conference of the Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium for Public Health (APACPH 2017) on 18 August 2017 in Yonsei University, South Korea.



  1. Opinion Leader Research on Barriers to Optimal Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices in Indonesia
  2. Reflections: barriers to optimal breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices in Indonesia

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