Qualitative Baseline Study for PNPM Generasi and PKH: The Availability and Use of the Maternal and Child Health Services and Basic Education Services in the Provinces of West Java and East Nusa Tenggara

Sri Kusumastuti Rahayu, Nina Toyamah, Stella Aleida Hutagalung, Meuthia Rosfadhila, Muhammad Syukri
Education, Health, Poverty & Inequality
Jawa Barat, Nusa Tenggara Timur
Research Report, July, 2008, Final


Sudarno Sumarto

Research Coordinator:
Sri Kusumastuti Rahayu

Asep Suryahadi

Core Team and Field Coordinators:
Sri Kusumastuti Rahayu
Nina Toyamah
Stella Aleida Hutagalung
Meuthia Rosfadhila
Muhammad Syukri
Adri Amiruddin

Field Researchers:

West Java:
Sri Kusumastuti Rahayu (Jakarta)
Luluk Kholisoh Nurona (West Java)
Supriono (West Java)
Muhammad Syukri (Jakarta)
Dewi Amna (West Java)
Mawardi W. Ghazali (West Java)
Stella Aleida Hutagalung (Jakarta)
Hendra W. Wardhana (West Java)
Imron Hanafi (West Java)
Meuthia Rosfadhila (Jakarta)
Yudi Ardiansyah (West Java)
Yeni Indra (West Java)
Nina Toyamah (Jakarta)
Pitriati Solihah (West Java)
Dudi Lesmana (West Java)
Adri Amiruddin (Jakarta)
Helmiyati (West Java)
Heru Pramudhia Wardhana (West Java)
Erwin Permana (West Java)
East Nusa Tenggara:
Sri Kusumastuti Rahayu (Jakarta)
Laurensius Sayrani (Kupang)
Sitti Sugar Samauna (Kupang)
Luluk Kholisoh Nurona (West Java)
Nur Aini (Kupang)
Yans Koliham (Kupang)
Harry Foenay (Kupang)
Stella Aleida Hutagalung (Jakarta)
Emiliana Martuti Lawalu (Soe)
Agustinus Mahur (Kupang)
Fredick H. Kaesmetan (Soe)
Meuthia Rosfadhila (Jakarta)
Nikolaus Serman (Kupang)
Aplonia Toto (Soe)
Muhammad Syukri (Jakarta)
Timoriyani Samauna (Kupang)
Ary CH Bale Lay (Soe)
Adri Amiruddin (Jakarta)
Yakomina W. Nguru (Kupang)
Pascalis Baylon Meja (Kefamanu)

Kate Weatherley
Budhi Adrianto
Liza Hadiz



This study explores the qualitative data on why some Indonesians do not use basic maternal and child health services and why some Indonesians do not send their children to primary or junior high schools, which will serve as a baseline for future PNPM Generasi (Program Nasional Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Generasi Sehat dan Cerdas) and PKH (Program Keluarga Harapan) evaluations. Based on results of FGDs, in-depth interviews, and direct observations conducted in West Java and NTT, the study finds that physical access limitations and isolation, economic access limitations, and the belief in the traditional custom are the main reasons why some community members do not use modern mother and child health services for pre- and postnatal monitoring or for delivery. Problems related to physical access and financial access are also the main reasons for attrition and why some parents do not send their children to junior high school.

Keywords: Qualitative baseline data, PNPM Generasi, PKH, basic maternal and child health services, basic education services, Indonesia.

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