Study of the Socioeconomic Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Indonesia

Team Member: Muhammad Adi Rahman, Ridho Al Izzati , Luhur Bima, Palmira Permata Bachtiar, Asep Kurniawan, Yudi Fajar M. Wahyu, Hastuti , Nurmala Selly Saputri, Rizki Fillaili, Ahmad Zuhdi Dwi Kusuma, Hafiz Arfyanto, Akhmad Ramadhan Fatah, Arjuni Rahmi Barasa, Shintia Revina, Rezanti Putri Pramana, Ulfah Alifia, Nila Warda, Michelle Andrina, Asri Yusrina, M. Sulton Mawardi, Jimmy Daniel Berlianto Oley, Ana Rosidha Tamyis, Dyan Widyaningsih, Ruhmaniyati , Nina Toyamah, Maudita Dwi Anbarani, Adinda Angelica, Hening Wikan
Completion Year:
National, DKI Jakarta, Bali, Jawa Barat, Sulawesi Selatan, Nusa Tenggara Timur
Livelihood & Community Development, Economic Policy, Education, Health, Labor & Migration, Poverty & Inequality, Social Protection

Collaborating Partners

Project Donor: KSI - DFAT

Project Counterpart: Kementerian PPN/Bappenas


Description & Progress


The COVID-19 pandemic affects not only public health, but also the economy, education, and social life of the Indonesian people. Based on data from the National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB), the number of COVID-19 patients in Indonesia reached 6,575 per 19 April 2020. This pandemic had prompted several regional governments to implement the Large-Scale Social Restrictions (PSBB) policy which limits public activities, including economic and educational activities, and other social activities.

The restriction of these activities affects the socioeconomic conditions of the communities, especially the poor and vulnerable. Therefore, the central and regional governments have issued various policies to tackle the spread of COVID-19 and mitigate the socioeconomic impacts of the pandemic. Nevertheless, the implementation of these policies must be monitored and evaluatied to examine their effectiveness.

The SMERU Research Institute, as a research institution that focuses on analyzing socioeconomic issues, takes the initiative to conduct research in the social, economic, education, and health fields, as well as on policies related to the COVID-19 pandemic, both at the national and regional levels.



  1. To monitor the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on socioeconomic conditions of the Indonesian people, especially those related to poverty and human development
  2. To examine the effectiveness of the government’s policies/programs in the fields of social protection, education, health, and labor



This study consists of nine substudies that are divided into two large groups, namely national-scale studies and subnational-scale studies (case studies).

National-scale studies:

  1. Simulation of the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on poverty rate in Indonesia. Methodology: quantitative—analysis of the National Socioeconomic Survey (Susenas) data
  2. Impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on labor. Methodology: quantitative—analysis of the Susenas and National Labor Force Survey (Sakernas) data, literature study, media tracking, and focus group discussion (FGD) with entrepreneurs’ associations
  3. Monitoring of the distance learning (PJJ) policy at the elementary school level
    a) Quantitative: online survey
    b) Qualitative: in-depth interviews with elementary school teachers
  1. Monitoring of the Pre-employment Card program implementation. Methodology: qualitative—in-depth interviews with ministries and institutions, and Pre-employment Card beneficiaries
  2. Monitoring of Direct Cash Transfer (BLT)-Village Fund (DD) disbursements. Methodology: qualitative—in-depth interviews with village governments

Subnational-scale studies:

  1. Monitoring of the central and regional governments’ policy responses. Methodology: analyses of contents from media tracking results
  2. Effectiveness of the Family of Hope Program (PKH) and Noncash Food Assistance (BPNT) in mitigating the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. Methodology: qualitative—in-depth interviews with ministries and institutions, regional governments, village governments, and households
  3. Monitoring of the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on nutrition and maternal and child health services
    a) Quantitative—analyses of secondary data of health facilities
    b) Qualitative—in-depth interviews with ministries and institutions, regional governments, hospital officials, community health centers (puskesmas), and village cadres
  4. Sosial and cultural resilience of preprosperous households during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methodology: qualitative—in-depth interviews with local and migrant communities

The subnational-scale studies chose five locations for case studies, namely Kota Administratif (Administrative City of) East Jakarta (DKI Jakarta); Kabupaten (District of) Bekasi (West Java); Kabupaten Badung (Bali); Kabupaten Maros (South Sulawesi); dan Kota (City of) Kupang (East Nusa Tenggara)

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