The Impact of COVID-19 on the Labour Market and the Role of E-commerce Development in Developing Countries: Evidence from Indonesia

Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning
Policy Research

This paper assesses the impact of covid-19 pandemic, measured through work mobility reduction, and e-commerce growth on the labour market using data from Indonesian labour force surveys and e-commerce transaction values. The findings confirm that the pandemic adversely affects workers’ employment prospects, work hours, total earnings, and hourly earnings. E-commerce growth does not counteract the adverse impact of the pandemic as expected, but it plays a role as an employment buffer during the crisis, although it tends to suppress workers’ earnings. Our results imply that more efforts are needed to improve the productivity of workers involved in e-commerce.


Suggested citation

Masagus M. Ridhwan, Asep Suryahadi, Jahen F. Rezki & Dinda Thalia Andariesta (2023) The impact of COVID-19 on the labour market and the role of E-commerce development in developing countries: Evidence from Indonesia, Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy, DOI: 10.1080/13547860.2023.2195710

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Masagus M. Ridwan
Asep Suryahadi
Jahen F. Rezki
Dinda Thalia Andariesta
Masagus M. Ridwan
Jahen F. Rezki
Dinda Thalia Andariesta
Research Area 
labour market
work mobility
Publication Type 
Journal Article