Health continues to be a priority in Indonesia. In 2006, the Indonesian Ministry of Health identified a number of health-related priorities, including an increase in health financing, and the implementation of a programme providing subsidized insurance for the poor. Indonesia is also in the process of rolling out a universal healthcare scheme.

SMERU consistently analyses and evaluates government health policies and programs to ensure they do not adversely affect Indonesia's poor. Our study on the implications of the universal health insurance scheme, known as Askeskin, has been cited in numerous subsequent studies. More recently, as part of a wider study across South-east Asia, we investigated the causes and consequences of limited access, equity, and affordability of health care in resource-poor Asian systems and identified potential solutions to these problems.