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Reviving the Village Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJM Desa)

Villages’ obligation to formulate the village medium-term development plan (RPJM Desa) should not be a mere legal formality. RPJM Desa substantially needs to be drafted, as it is

Simplifying the Village Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJM Desa)

According to Law No. 6/2014 on Villages, every village has to make the village medium-term development plan (RPJM Desa). RPJM Desa essentially serves as a reference for the village government’s annual work plan and is the manifestation of the village’s being a self-governing community in determining the direction and objectives of its development. However, villages are still facing some issues in implementing RPJM Desa.

Improving the Village Cash for Work (PKT) Policy

The Village Cash for Work (PKT) policy, initiated in 2018 to overcome poverty, unemployment, and malnutrition in villages, has resulted in some problems. This has something to do with some provisions in the technical guidelines of PKT which (i) cause budget inefficiency, (ii) pose the risk of lowering the work output quality, and (iii) is not equipped with clear reference criteria to determine PKT beneficiaries.

Gender Equality in Indonesian New Developmental State: The Case of the New Participatory Village Governance

This paper endeavors to understand how Indonesian new-developmental state addresses gender equality and women’s empowerment in its effort to institutionalize the participatory approach into the state bureaucracy. It pays attention to the way the new developmental ideology has shaped the participatory governance policy as an instrument of village development instead of an alternative mechanism of deepening democracy and reworking the structure of the traditional gender ideology.

Study on the Implementation of Law No. 6/2014 on Villages: Baseline Report

Prior to the implementation of Law No. 6/2014 on Villages (the “Village Law”), the prevailing policies on village areas were considered ineffective in bringing change at the village level, particularly in terms of village governance. The implementation of the Village Law thus offers new possibilities for village development, given that the Village Law views villages as being self-regulating and self-managing.

Reforming BPD to Strengthen Villages

  • Law No. 6/2014 on Villages (the Village Law) gave village heads greater authority and larger budgets to regulate and manage their communities' interests.
  • It is important to ensure that village governance is carried out based on the principles of participation, transparency, and accountability.
  • The institution that is specifically assigned by the Village Law to monitor the implementation of village governance is the Village Council (Badan Permusyawaratan Desa, BPD).

The Role of Kecamatan in Village Law Implementation

Law No. 6/2014 on Villages (Village Law) provides opportunities for village governments to cater to the needs of the community. The kecamatan, being a part of the kabupaten government which have been carrying out the mandate for decentralization, is integral to Village Law implementation. Unfortunately, the involvement of the kecamatan has not been well regulated. The role of the kecamatan needs to be strengthened, given the weak capacities of village governments with varying topography and geographical conditions in Indonesia.

Debottlenecking Distribution and Disbursement of the Village Fund

The distribution of Village Fund (VF) has entered its third year in 2017, yet delays in distribution and disbursement continue to occur and could potentially undermine the quality of VF spending. The challenge is how to develop a simple mechanism that accommodates village capacity, while upholding the principle of accountability.

 

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