Enhancing Food-Based Safety Net Programs: Cross Country Implementation, Evolution and Learning (Indonesia Case Study)

Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning
Policy Research

This research aims to document key design and implementation features of Raskin program and to identify options to improve the performance of the scheme.

Raskin is the largest nationwide food-based safety net program in Indonesia and has been implemented for almost two decades. Raskin is one of the programs aimed at addressing poverty reduction managed by the Central Government. Many obstacles and irregularities occurred during the implementation process, mainly in achieving accuracy indicators. This study was initiated by the World Bank and focuses on documenting the experiences of the Food-based Safety Net (FBSN) host countries, including Indonesia. The Indonesian case study has two core objectives: to document key design and implementation features of the Raskin program and to identify options for improving the performance of the scheme.


The case study activities included literature reviews, as well as interviews and discussions held with stakeholders to (i) discuss the level, trends and nature of poverty, food insecurity and malnutrition in the examined country and (ii) contextualize the examined program within the broader set of safety net programs available in the country, including a description of possible linkages to some of those  programs. In addition, the reaserach team also reviewed published literature, surveys, reports, and  other materials on the program’s design, performance and institutional framework; and conducted  small focus group discussions with select Raskin experts, and attended consultations/workshops on the initiative, including presenting ideas and findings, as well as providing advice and comments on other case studies.

Sudarno Sumarto
Team Member 
Sudarno Sumarto
Completion Year 
Project Donor 
The World Bank Washington DC

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