Teachers’ Union


This study is part of RISE Programme in Indonesia, a large scale, multi-country research program that seeks to understand how school systems in the developing world can overcome the learning crisis and deliver better learning for all. The study is one of the components in the Reform Area A that evaluates policies of pilot programs related to teachers and teaching, especially on improving student learning outcomes.

Teachers’ unions, especially the Teachers’ Association of the Republic of Indonesia (PGRI), are considered to have strong influence in the formulation of education policies. However, there are few studies on teachers’ unions in Indonesia to date. A deeper understanding of the role of PGRI in the formulation of education policy can be the key to improving the quality of teachers as well as the level of student learning in Indonesia.


This study aims to understand the plans of teachers’ unions, the influence of teachers’ unions on education policy, and the interaction between teachers’ unions in Indonesia.


We employ a qualitative method. We conduct an analysis of secondary data on the history of PGRI from news articles, government documents, and internal organization documents. We also conduct online interviews to obtain in-depth information.



  1. "Exploring the Politics of Expertise: The Indonesian Teachers’ Union and Education Policy, 2005-2020" Working Paper
  2. "The Role of Teacher Union Expertise in Shaping Education Policy" Blog Post

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Rezanti Putri Pramana
Team Member 
Amanda Beatty
Completion Year 
Project Donor 
RISE Programme is supported through grants from the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID), the Australian Government’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), and Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
Managing Partner 
Oxford Policy Management (OPM) and Blavatnik School of Government at the University of Oxford
Technical Partner 
Amsterdam Institute for Global Health and Development (AIGHD) and Mathematica Policy Research
Type of Service