Is the Game Worth the Candle? Examining the Effectiveness of Initial Teacher Education in Indonesia

Policy Research

An impactful teacher education programme equips teachers with knowledge and skills to improve their effectiveness. Empirical findings on the effectiveness of teacher preparation programmes show that the accountability of institutions and teachers should not only be based on the knowledge or skills produced but also on student learning. Our study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a pre-service teacher education programme in Indonesia, known as Pendidikan Profesi Guru Prajabatan or PPG.

PPG is a one-year full-time programme in addition to four years of undergraduate teacher education (Bachelor of Education). PPG graduate teachers pass a selection process and receive a teaching certificate upon completion of the programme.


This is one of a series of working papers from RISE—the large-scale education systems research programme supported by the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID), Australia’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), and Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

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Asri Yusrina
Luhur Bima
Ulfah Alifia
Rezanti Putri Pramana
Shintia Revina
Research Area 
Research Topic 
teacher professional education
programme evaluation
content knowledge
pedagogical content knowledge
student learning outcomes
Publication Type 
Working Paper