Can a Demand-Driven TPD System Work for Low-Motivating Teachers?


This study is part of RISE Programme in Indonesia, a large scale, multi-country research program that seeks to understand how school systems in the developing world can overcome the learning crisis and deliver better learning for all. The study is one of the components in the Reform Area B that seeks to understand the impact of district education policies.

Among all provinces in Indonesia, Jakarta has allocated the highest education spending per capita (Pusat Analisis dan Sinkronisasi Kebijakan Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, 2019). However, Jakarta’s students are not the best in academic performance in the country. The average literacy and numeracy scores of Jakarta’s primary school students are lower than the national average. Only 2.47% of Jakarta’s students have satisfactory literacy skills, while nationally there are 6.06% of Indonesian students that pass the satisfactory threshold in literacy. Likewise, the percentage of Jakarta’s students who have a good numeracy ability is lower than the national percentage, 1.44% and 2.29% respectively (Pusat Asesmen dan Pembelajaran, 2016). 

Another indicator that reflects an education quality issue in Jakarta is the Teacher Competency Test (UKG) score. Even though Jakarta has the highest proportion of teachers with university degrees, their average UKG score is considerably low. It is around 20 points below the minimum requirement set by the Ministry of Education and Culture (Dinas Komunikasi, Informatika, dan Statistik Jakarta, 2019).

  1. To examine how the form of reflection can encourage teacher to keep improving their professionalism;
  2. To understand how different types of teachers under different school environments will respond to the new teacher professional development (TPD) system.

We begin the research by conducting a collaborative diagnostic study with the Jakarta Education Agency to identify the ineffective TPD system's problems. We use a qualitative method (participant observation, interviews, discussions, and document review) to collect and analyze the data.

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Niken Rarasati
Team Member 
Sirojuddin Arif
Rezanti Putri Pramana
Completion Year 
Project Donor 
RISE Programme is supported through grants from the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID), the Australian Government’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), and Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
Managing Partner 
Oxford Policy Management (OPM) and Blavatnik School of Government at the University of Oxford
Technical Partner 
Amsterdam Institute for Global Health and Development (AIGHD) and Mathematica Policy Research
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